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Literacy Milestones for Primary School Going Children In Singapore

Updated: Jul 5, 2019


Primary school students navigate through various transition stages from lower, to middle and upper primary. During these academically rigorous years, students are required to gradually take up more subjects in order to progress on to the next level of learning. In order to adapt to the increasing demands of the education system, it is ideal that students reach the certain significant milestones in primary school. Read on to find out what they are!


Lower-primary students:


1. READ AND RETELL STORIES OUT LOUD

By reading and retelling stories, younger children pick up comprehension skills that help them be better readers, and reconstruct what they have read. When they are able to retell stories, it shows that they can summarise key information, as well as make logical inferences. This process is also likely to inculcate a love for reading, which exposes children to a wide range of vocabulary and proper grammar rules.


2. SOUND OUT AND REPRESENT MAJOR SOUNDS WHEN SPELLING WORDS

This refers to the usage of letter-sound patterns to enunciate words, even if children are not familiar with them. This ability reflects their understanding that words are made up of individual phonemes, and signifies that children are ready to learn new words independently.


3. IDENTIFY BASIC PUNCTUATIONS AND READING WITH CORRECT EMPHASIS

When children pick up basic punctuation, they should intuitively recognise the importance of emphasis and expression. This is indicative of good speech development and lays part of the foundation for a smooth-sailing educational journey.


Upper-primary students:


1. WRITE AND TALK ABOUT THINGS THAT INTEREST THEM

When children write and talk about things they like, they actively hone their communication skills. Their interests include, but are not limited to, personal and situational ones. As older children continue to grow, their communication skills directly reflect their ability to express themselves.


2. PREDICT WHAT HAPPENS NEXT IN A TEXT AND JUSTIFY THEIR REASONING

When children make predictions, they draw upon their personal experiences to anticipate what comes next. In order to do this, they have to make connections between their existing wealth of knowledge and the text itself. This demonstrates critical-thinking skills and the ability to think ahead.


Ultimately, every child learns at a different pace and it is not a cause for concern should they fall short of certain milestones. If a child is struggling, it is suggested that parents and educators gently correct their mistakes by guiding them with subtle clues. Most importantly, a little patience and encouragement go a long way.


At School of Concepts, we believe in empowering children through literacy. With our in-house developed ‘scaffolding’ technique, little ones pick up literacy skills and phonetic concepts by overcoming bite-sized incremental challenges. Our materials are designed to grow with a child's cognitive abilities, and develop their critical thinking skills. By the time our students complete our early years' programme, they would have grown into self-directed learners capable of predicting information through sequencing and patterns. This also ensures that they will be well-equipped to conquer each stage of primary school. If you would like to learn more about our lessons, please drop us an email at hello@schoolofconcepts.com or call us at 6909 1883.




Sources:

https://www.straitstimes.com/singapore/education/changes-to-school-assessment-what-you-need-to-know

https://www.kidspot.com.au/school/preschool/preschool-literacy/literacy-milestones-78/news-story/6ab513fbc41294ec1e328c954aee0d0c http://www.readingrockets.org/article/strategies-promote-comprehension http://www.readingrockets.org/teaching/reading101-course/toolbox/phonological-awareness

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